2000 Jordan Institute
Vol. 4, No.
and Alcohol Addiction
Some differences between males and females with alcohol addiction include:
Factors. Women with alcohol problems
are more likely to have an alcoholic role model in their nuclear families
and to have alcoholic spouses than are alcoholic men.
Women usually have drinking problems at later ages.
patterns. Women typically consume
less alcohol than men and are less likely to drink daily, to drink
continuously, or to engage in binges.
of illness. Women progress rapidly
from onset of drinking through later stages of alcoholism (known as
of Etiology. Women often attribute their drinking to a
traumatic event or stress.
Mental Disorders. Women with alcohol problems tend to have affective
disorders (mood disorders such as depression, mania, and bipolar disorder),
whereas alcoholic men are more likely to have antisocial personality
Response. Women experience more social disapproval for alcohol
use, and women with alcoholism are more stigmatized.
Consequences. Disruptions for women are more likely to occur in
family life and more likely to result in separation or divorce. Disruptions
for men tend to occur in the job arena.
Consequences. Women have more liver cirrhosis than men.
Response to Illness. Women with alcoholism generally feel more
quilty, anxious, or depressed than do men with alcoholism.
Lex, B. (1991). Some gender differences in alcohol and
polysubstance users. Health Psychology, 10(2), 121-132.
© 1999 Jordan
Institute for Families